Child Support Requirements for Post-Secondary Education

Child Support Requirements for Post-Secondary Education

Parents with intact marriages do not need to bother about the requirements for child support for their child’s post-secondary education, but what about divorcees or parents in a similar relationship? The case is different, and many factors are weighed to determine a parent’s requirement for post-secondary support.

Post-secondary or post-minority education, such as college, university, or other advanced education programs, is categorized under section 7 or special expenses. And while both divorced parents might voluntarily agree to take care of the post-secondary education expenses, other times, a parent mostly a custodial parent, might raise such a request, or any party in a 50/50 custody child support agreement can do so.

The age for a post-minority child varies across the states in the US, some 18, some 19, others 21. Also, laws like the divorce act and the family law act affect these requirements. Courts can also add or reduce the requirements based on factors like; the parent’s financial circumstance, the child involved, and the child’s eligibility to access a loan or grant. Also, the court checks the child’s good academic standing, program cost, willingness to remain under his parent, and other possible factors. Therefore, this article will show you the basic requirements for states in the US.

Requirements for Child Support for Post-Secondary Education across States in US

There are three categories for post-secondary support in the US, namely;

  • States that do not require post-secondary educational support, namely; Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Delaware, District of Colombia, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, Wyoming, Kentucky, and Wisconsin.
  • States that require post-secondary educational support are; Hawaii, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, South Carolina, and Washington.
  • States requiring post-high school education support and have some stipulations: Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia.

You can check the financial support required for your State’s post-secondary educational expenses below.

States that do not Require Post-Secondary Support for Educational Expenses in the US 

States that do not Require Post-Secondary Support for Educational Expenses in the US

  • Alaska – The majority age for Alaska is 18 years, and following the Dowling rule does not require Post-secondary school support for the majority except for disabled children.
  • Arizona – While the majority age in Arizona is 18, post-secondary financial support is required for disabled children and children who are still in high school at the time of clocking 18. If the child in high school is emancipated for reasons other than clocking 18, the legislature does not cover that child.
  • Arkansas – The majority age in Arkansas is 18. At this age, except for mentally and physically disabled children, the legislature does not require any parent to cover financial and educational costs.
  • California/Delaware/Maine – Child support for educational expenses is only required for incapacitated children and children who turn 18 while in high school. For a majority child in high school, the grace for this support terminal when the child clocks 19 or at the child’s high school graduation; anyone that comes first.
  • District of Colombia – Unlike previously listed states, the majority age is 21, and the support ceases once a child exceeds 21. Though, the court requires it in exceptional cases like the case of a disabled child.
  • Florida – Post-secondary education support is required for mentally and physically incapacitated children past majority age or a dependent high school child between 18-19, or with good academic records. Also, the statute allows courts of competent jurisdiction to decide on increasing or decreasing support for a dependent child until the child’s age is 21.
  • Idaho – Idaho requirement is exactly like California, but it is decided by the court whether to favor the requirement when a child clocks 18.
  • Kansas – The post-secondary school support for educational costs is only required if the parents agree.
  • Kentucky – Post-secondary support for educational costs is only required for a mentally or physically incapacitated child.
  • Louisiana – in Louisiana, child support for educational purposes is terminated once a child is a majority or emancipated, except till 19 for a secondary school child with good standing and dependent on a parent.
  • Mississippi – The age of majority is 21, and support terminates at 21 unless the child marries or is recruited into the army.
  • Nebraska – The majority age in this State is 19, so educational costs are supported till age 19.
  • New Mexico – The court has no right to enforce post-secondary support for educational expenses. Their majority age is 18.
  • Nevada/Oklahoma/Ohio – Post-high school education costs only last until a child ages 18 or 19 if still in secondary school.
  • Pennsylvania – Post-secondary education support is not required.
  • Rhode Island – The court can order post-secondary educational support for high school students for 90 days or more after their eighteen birthday but not beyond their nineteen birthday.
  • South Dakota – supports paying post-high school education costs only last till a child clocks 18 or 19 if still in secondary school.
  • Tennessee – The statute in Tennessee allows parents to provide post-secondary support till a child is 18 or till a child in high school or his class graduates from high school.
  • Texas – Post-high school education expenses only last until a child ages 18 or 19 if still in secondary school.
  • West Virginia – Support can last more than the majority age (18) unless the child has physical or emotional disabilities.
  • Wyoming – A child can be supported until 18 or 20 years if still in high school or its equivalent.
  • Kentucky – Support can last more than the majority age (18) unless the child has physical or emotional disabilities.
  • Wisconsin – supports paying post-high school education expenses only last until a child ages 18 or 19 if still in secondary school

States that Require Child Support for Postsecondary Education Support (PES) and with Stipulation

States that Require Child Support for Postsecondary Education Support

  • Colorado – The Colorado legislature does not require PES after a child is 19 unless the parties agree. Otherwise, the child is physically or mentally disabled, or the child is still in high school.
  • Connecticut – Support end at age 18 unless the child is in secondary school, unmarried, and still living with one of his parents. This exception ends after the child finishes 12th grade or reaches 19. The court can also compel support for a child in exceptional cases.
  • Georgia – The support for post-minority in Georgia terminates once a child reaches majority age, dies, marries, or after emancipation.
  • Maryland – Supports last till 18, or 19/graduation, if the child is in high school. The court may check the court order or existing separation or property settlement agreement to determine if a case is appropriate.
  • Michigan – After a child reaches a majority, a court can still order for support of a full-time student until the child is 19 years and a half.
  • Minnesota/ North Carolina – Allows support for a child till 18 or 20 if the child is a high school student or disabled.
  • Montana – Allow support for a child till 18, or 19/graduation if still in high school, and more than 19 if disabled.
  • North Dakota/Virginia – The support last till 18, or 19/graduation, if the child is in high school. The court may extend this support in critical situations.
  • Utah – A child can become a post-minority child when he clocks 18 or gets married, and the support end then. The court can extend this period for exceptional cases.
  • Vermont – The support end at the majority age; 18. But support ends at 21 if the child is still in school, college, university, or vocational training. Also, during the statutory period, a trial court can increase the postsecondary educational cost the husband remits, notwithstanding the stipulation incorporated in the divorce judgment allowing paying child support beyond the statutory timeline.

States that Require Post-Secondary Support for Education Expenses in the US

  • Hawaii – The support terminates when the child reaches 19 years. Also, a 3-month notice must be sent before the clocks 19. When the child is a full-time student in a college or university before age 19, the court has to be notified by the child or the custodian parent not to suspend the support.
  • Indiana – In Indiana, there might be a child support order to pay a summation of the education costs in higher learning institutions where necessary. Where it is not the case, child support ceases when a child is 21.
  • Iowa – In Iowa, the extent of post-minority support depends on the child’s financial capability, age, and self-sufficiency to cater to his need. Hence the trial court might order child support for a child age 18 – 21 if the child is a full-time student, has accepted an admission, or has a good academic standing.
  • Massachusetts – After the majority age of 18, support can be extended to 21 if the child stays with either parent and is already enrolled in an educational program. The court can also order an extension till 23 if the child is dependent on the parent because of the course the child is enrolled in, but not beyond the undergraduate degree.
  • Missouri – While support lasts until 18, Missouri requires support for a child enrolled into a higher institution until the child is 22 or graduates, whichever comes first.
  • New Hampshire – Support lasts till 18, or when the child completes secondary school above 18. Marriage, emancipation, and joining the army can also terminate support.
  • New Jersey – Support last till 19 years and till 23 if the child is still in high school, college, or disabled.
  • New York – Support last till 19 but can also be extended to 21. In most cases, the court determines whether to place a child support order for post-high school educational support for college, private school, or special academic programs.
  • Oregon – Support last till age 18. However, it can be extended to 21 for an unmarried child in high school or college.
  • South Carolina – Support last till 18. But a family court can request parents to cater to a child’s high school or college education in cases where the child’s attitude indicates that he or she will benefit from college. Or the child has good academic standing, or the child has to go to school, or the parent can afford the cost of the education.
  • Washington – Support last till 18 and may extend above that if the child still depends on a parent. Based on many factors, the court determines whether the adult child is dependent on the parent for cogent necessities of life.

Note; you might need to consult an attorney or click here for better clarification if you are confused.

Conclusion

Since these requirements from parents vary, it is essential for divorcing parents to keep themselves updated with changing statutes in individual states. Also, parents can agree to cater to their child’s educational expenses beyond the laws.

Additional Resources

5 Digital Resources for Fighting the Stigma of Mental Illness in Kids and Teens

5 Digital Resources for Fighting the Stigma of Mental Illness

The topic of mental health has never been more relevant in public discourse, but one group of people still aren’t getting their due attention: children. The mental wellness (or lack thereof) of today’s kids and teens will determine humanity’s future, so it’s imperative that we shed more light on the mental struggles of those age groups.

Here are five digital resources you should try to fight the stigma of youth mental illness and foster a supportive environment for kids who need help.

1.  Coping Skills for Kids

Kids have trouble expressing their mental states because they don’t have the maturity or experience to know how they should react. As a result, they often resort to emotional outbursts that leave their mental health worse off than before. The usual response to a child’s meltdown is to let them get the emotions out of their system, followed by an obligatory “calm down” https://www.safesearchkids.com/5-digital-resources-for-fighting-the-stigma-of-mental-illness/from the parents and possible punishment.

However, a tantrum might be more complex than adults think. It could be a cry for help and a sign of deeper problems. Adults must demonstrate proper coping skills so kids can avoid future outbursts and channel their emotions in a more constructive way. That’s where “Coping Skills for Kids” comes in.

“Coping Skills for Kids” has many mindfulness resources to help children calm down and voice their feelings. Teaching kids healthy coping skills early on will help us understand and appreciate what they’re going through and find a solution before it leads to more mental decline.

2.  Anxiety Relief (Psych Central)

Anxiety is the second-most prevalent mental condition among children after ADHD, but it’s also the most misunderstood condition. Parents might see common symptoms of anxiety in their children – irritability, constant worrying, trouble concentrating, sleeping problems, etc. –  and assume they’re simple growing pains that all kids experience.

All kids have their emotional and behavioral pitfalls, but that doesn’t mean you should brush off the telltale signs of anxiety so easily. Instead, you should help your children seek anxiety relief with resources from Psych Central. This site has guides to help parents flesh out their kids’ anxiety along with quizzes and inspirational stories.

These resources also help parents improve their awareness of anxiety, depression and other common mental issues. Identifying the symptoms before they cause further damage is crucial to a child’s healthy development.

3.  The Media and Body Image (Mirror-Mirror)

TV, the internet and social media have had disastrous effects on youth body image. Kids are exposed to supermodels, professional athletes and other idealized versions of people from a young age, establishing unrealistic expectations and causing harmful body image disorders – body dysmorphia, anorexia and bulimia, to name a few.

Although we usually associate body image issues with girls, boys are just as susceptible. Boys are just less likely to ask for help than girls due to long-standing social norms. This problem is one of the many stigmas about youth mental health that need addressing.

Mirror-Mirror is a platform that highlights the causes and effects of body image disorders – both in boys and girls. The site excels at demonstrating the media’s various tactics and how young people respond to them. This information is crucial for parents, as they must monitor what their children watch and take swift action to eliminate harmful content that might lead to mental health issues.

Excessive media consumption is bad for a child’s development no matter what they’re watching. As the adult who controls what your kids consume, you must do your part to deconstruct the false reality that the media has built. Mirror-Mirror can help you along the way.

4.  Recognizing Learning Disabilities in Teens (Parenthetical)

People have raised many valid criticisms about the modern education system, but we don’t pay quite as much attention to the students within the system. Learning disabilities are also much more prevalent in kids and teens than we realize. Some studies estimate that one in five students has a learning disorder and millions of cases go unidentified.

Rather than placing full blame on the system, parents and teachers must pay more attention to spot learning disabilities and provide students with a more suitable educational setting. “Parenthetical” from the University of Wisconsin-Madison provides resources to help adults recognize learning disabilities in teens and tweens.

UW is one of the best schools for psychology in the U.S., often collaborating with the National Center for Learning Disabilities to carry out research. Parenthetical is a blog with information from both organizations to educate adult mentors about youth mental disorders and the best ways to deal with them.

5.  Erika’s Lighthouse

Continuing with the emphasis on learning and education, Erika’s Lighthouse is a non-profit organization that raises awareness about youth depression through programs in school communities. These programs are built on four pillars:

  • Classroom education
  • Teen empowerment
  • Family engagement
  • School policy and staff

Early identification and intervention are vital for helping young people address their mental struggles, but this task can look different as kids get older. Erika’s Lighthouse covers specific age groups, moving from introductory programs about depression to deeper discussions about body image, suicide and other topics that become more relevant in the teenage years.

These programs also connect family life with school life. Ending the stigma around youth mental health requires close collaboration between parents and teachers, and Erika’s Lighthouse gives you the resources to do so.

Keep Fighting the Good Fight

Today’s children face extreme pressure from parents, schools and the media. The only way we can improve their collective mental health is by rethinking all three factors. These five resources will help you keep fighting the good fight and create a more supportive world where kids can be open and honest about their mental health.

About the Author
Ava Roman (she/her) is the Managing Editor of Revivalist, a women’s lifestyle magazine that empowers women to live their most authentic life. When Ava is not writing you’ll find her in a yoga class, advocating for her children or whipping up something delicious in the kitchen!

How To Choose The Right School For Your Child

How To Choose The Right School For Your Child

So, your little ones are almost two now, which means you have to start thinking about their schooling now.  Yes, the thought is jarring, and the sole fact of parting with your baby for the first time induces all kinds of separation anxiety. Therefore, it is very important that you select the right school for your little one.

Whether it is just a preschool or a school which will suffice their entire education till high school graduation, the right school will shape their characteristics and future. If you are looking for ways to look for one, then you have reached the right place.

In this excerpt below, we will be discussing some of the common tips for choosing the right school for your child before you start searching for a school near me.

Read back, and take notes!

Why A Good School Is Important

When we talk about strong stepping stones which essentially shape a child’s future, their school is one of the pioneer stepping stones. So, why is it so important?

– School is the first step to getting rid of something called separation anxiety, which every kid feels. This is why many kids who have started their education through homeschooling or online education face difficulties in going back to school. Their parents are all they are accustomed to.

– Schools give everyone a great opportunity to socialize and increase their social skills. Yes, education is a part of it, but do not forget this is a place where your little one will meet fellow schoolmates from every social and cultural background. This is where the concept of friendship begins.

CBSE Schools believe that education is not just about learning calculus and mathematics. It is also about understanding how the world outside their home works and how to get habituated to it.

– Good manners and a good grasp of social skills is what a school should be giving your child.

Tips On How To Choose

Now to the point which you have been waiting for. Here are some of the common tips which can help you to choose the right skill. We have collected these from parents who have already got their best picks.

1. Talk To The Administrators

There is no way you can understand the inner workings of a particular school if you do not ask questions. Some of the common ways are to talk to the admission board or the query department of the school. Ask them about every question which could be bothering you.

Suppose you are still not sure, then how about making a special appointment and speaking to the principal? It is not just about what they say but how they say it. The body language and behavioral traits of the person heading the school have to do a lot with impression.

This is why communication is so important before you choose a school, do not choose one without testing it yourself.

2. Observe The Classes

Talking about testing, don’t you always wish to see how your little ones are taught? Some schools offer the parents an exclusive opportunity to observe a few classes. This will give you a distinct idea of the way of teaching the school is pursuing.

Whether it is the pattern that you are looking for in your child. So, the next time you search for schools near me, check whether your list of schools offers this facility. This is also an excellent antimonial of their credibility and the confidence they possess in their teachings.

3. Get First Hand Feedback

First-hand feedback is from the parents. They are a good source if you wish to understand every hidden detail of the school. After all, they are not an advocate of the school. They just want the good for their children, just like you.

Plus, they themselves get a first-hand account of the school from their kids. So, try to get in contact with some of the parents and ask them questions. Especially queries like-

– What about the teacher’s behavior towards the children?

– What are some of their anti-bullying policies?

Safety measures in school.

Things which can protect your children and save them from any traumatic experience.

4. Check Their Websites

A well-presented online platform is proof of a good school. Since most of the lesson plans are getting online, parents are able to get enough information from the online platform.

However, if you are someone who is planning to get your little one into a school, first try to check the website. Not only will you get ample amounts of information on the website, but how this information is presented can also speak volumes about the school.

5. Check Their Extracurricular Activities

A school is not just about education; it is more about learning something beyond the bookish knowledge. A good skill which is interested in the overall development and growth of the children will be focusing heavily on extracurricular activities as well.

Yes, you would want your child to get high scores, but not every child’s expertise will lie in academia. Thus, through a good school, they will be able to get the exposure to test their potential to test and understand their gifted abilities.

6. Check Their Scores

A good scoreboard for the tenth and twelve boards is an important detail which you shouldn’t miss out on. Do not just go for the highest marks but the overall average score that the school is about to achieve.

This gives a good account of the school’s contribution to such serious examination preparations.

What Your Child Needs

The school’s quality is important, no doubt, but your child’s needs are what you should make a priority. If your child is agile and great with their sports, then why not look for a school which has sports scholarships for colleges?

If your child is still facing difficulties with their verbal communication, then look for a school which gives excellent preschool safety measures and facilities before the child goes to the actual classes.

They should be able to take care of your child holistically.

Top Cybersecurity Threats in 2022

Top Cybersecurity Threats

Our dependence on technology grows, and so does cybersecurity’s importance. Criminals can take advantage of unsuspecting victims in myriad ways.  By comprehending the risks, you can take steps to protect yourself and your family from becoming victims of cybercrime.

We’ve put together this guide to the top cybersecurity threats.

Be Careful When Posting Private Information

Nowadays is highly important to understand social boundaries. Your personal information, which includes your full name, address, date of birth, and phone number, should not be public on your social media account.

Avoid posting images of awkward personal moments to your home addresses or family vacation plans.

The most valuable part of AI is using NLP (natural language processing) to decode words generally used in pretexting. One common tactic for an attacker is to pose as a legitimate entity to trick a victim into revealing confidential information.

Post carefully; by being careful, you can help protect yourself from becoming the next victim of cybercrime.

In addition, you can also help to educate your friends and family members by reminding them about cybersecurity risks. We can work together to help make the internet safer for everyone. If you or your friend are under a cybersecurity attack, report it immediately to authorities.

Participate In Security Awareness Training

Cybersecurity awareness training can help to mitigate these risks by teaching you how to spot potential threats and take steps to protect your data. In addition, cybersecurity awareness training can also provide the latest information on cybersecurity trends.

Participating in security awareness training is essential in the ever-changing landscape of cybersecurity.

The Risk Of Accidentally Downloading Malware

Cyber attacks are becoming more targeted and more sophisticated. Be aware of the risks you face when using the internet.

One common online threat is accidentally downloading malware. Malware is malicious software that can wreak havoc on your computer, stealing personal information or damaging files.

It can be complicated to spot, disguised as a legitimate website or email attachment. That’s why it’s important to learn about cybersecurity and how to stay safe online.

By doing so, you’ll help yourself avoid accidentally downloading malware and other risks associated with the internet.

Inappropriate Marketing Messages

Another risk commonly faced online is inappropriate marketing messages or online fraud. Unfortunately, there are many unscrupulous individuals out there who are looking to take advantage of unsuspecting users.

Some common signs that an online predator may target you include receiving unsolicited messages or requests for personal information, being inundated with advertising messages, or asking to click on links that lead to questionable websites.

If you notice these red flags, you must talk to a friend or someone with experience in these online scam cases.

Stay up-to-date on the latest cybersecurity trends. Be aware of the signs of this type of activity, so you prevent from becoming a victim.

Harmful Content and Disinformation

Be aware of the types of content you may be exposed to online. This can include hateful, harmful, or illegal content and disinformation. Unfortunately, there is no easy way to protect yourself from all of this content.

However, there are some things that you can do to help reduce exposure to it. One thing that you can do is to talk more about cybersecurity and learn the importance of being careful about what you search or share online.

Additionally, watch trusty tutorials, read guidelines on spotting fake news, and require that they only share information from reliable sources.

Mobile Device Vulnerabilities

Mobile devices are increasingly becoming one of the primary cybersecurity targets. As we become more and more reliant on our smartphones, vulnerabilities are becoming more and more difficult to ignore.

Cybersecurity experts predict that by 2022, mobile devices will be the most common target for cyberattacks.

There are a few reasons for this trend:

  1. Mobile devices are notoriously difficult to secure. Even the most basic smartphones have many built-in features that hackers can exploit.
  2. Mobile device users are generally less security-conscious than users of other types of devices. We tend to download apps without considering the implications and click on links without considering the consequences.
  3. Mobile devices are often connected to unsecured networks, making them an easy target for attacks.

While there is no easy solution to the problem of mobile device vulnerabilities, awareness is critical. By understanding the risks, we can take steps to protect ourselves and our data.

Cyber Predators

As much as we want to protect ourselves from online’s dangers, unfortunately, there are times when we fail to achieve this goal. In today’s digital age, it’s essential to be just as vigilant about cybersecurity risks, especially regarding our kids.

The number of cyber predators is increasing. AI usage and machine learning will continue to grow in cybersecurity. Cybersecurity professionals are already using artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to help identify and thwart attacks.

Cyber and other online predators often stalk children on the internet. They take advantage of their innocence, lack adult supervision, and abuse their trust.

These predators lurk in the same virtual venues where anonymity facilitates cyberbullying. Some of these virtual venues are social media and gaming platforms that exploit children’s innocence and their gift of imagination.

Check out the FBI’s guidance in protecting against predators and other online risks to child safety.

Investing In Cyber Hygiene

Cyber hygiene is more important than ever. That’s because cybersecurity is a top concern for businesses of all sizes. Spending on cybersecurity products and services and training and awareness programs.

What do you have to do to enhance your cybersecurity?

First, make sure you have a firm cyber security policy in place. Second, training on how to spot potential threats and how to respond to them.

Finally, stay up-to-date on the latest cybersecurity trends and ensure you use the best security practices. Doing these things can help reduce the risk of a cyber attack and keep your business safe.

Conclusion

The internet can pose severe dangers and open doors of wonder for them that previous generations could not have dreamed of. Help ensure your online safety by experiencing the online world’s joys and opportunities and avoiding hazards.

Each participating member holds power to positively or negatively affect their cyber ecosystem. Everyone must acknowledge their cyber role based on their position in the ecosystem to reduce the likelihood and risk of cyberattack.

Always be aware and vigilant.

Safer Search

What does it take to provide a safer web experience for kids? It takes a combination of tools and resources working together in unison: internet filtering, safe and secure browsing, parental control apps, and education. That is our mission at Safe Search Kids as we work to deliver these four cornerstones of online safety to parents, teachers, and students.