Every day, millions of children around the world go to childcare centers. These centers must have staff who are properly trained in paediatric first aid. A child care professional plays a vital role in keeping children safe.
Paediatric first aid training will give you the skills and confidence to deal with various medical emergencies, from minor scrapes and bruises to serious injuries and illnesses. You can provide the best possible care for the children on your watch with proper training.
What Are The Benefits Of Paediatric First-Aid Training?
In the UK, all childcare professionals must have at least a basic level of paediatric first-aid training. This includes nannies, au pairs, childminders, and nursery staff. If you work in a childcare setting, you must ensure that you are properly trained in paediatric first aid.
There are many benefits to having proper paediatric first aid training.
- Saves lives during an emergency
- Provide better care to children
- Essential for first-aid administration
- Easily spots serious problems
Paediatric First Aid training is not just for childcare professionals. Parents can benefit from taking a paediatric first aid course as well. By finding a paediatric first aid training provider, parents can be better prepared to deal with minor injuries and illnesses at home. In a more severe accident or illness, parents will know what to do and how to get help for their child.
Understanding the qualifications needed in a childcare setting is essential. Some of these qualifications are legal requirements, while others are best practices. By having a good understanding of the qualifications needed, you can ensure that you provide the best possible care for the children in your setting.
What Paediatric First-Aids Should You Learn?
Regarding paediatric first aid, there are a few essential skills that every child care professional should know. These include:
How to deal with an unconscious child
An unconscious child is not breathing normally. If you see an unconscious child, the first thing you should do is call for help. Then, you should check the child’s airway to ensure it is clear. If it is not, you will need to give the child CPR.
Many factors can cause a child to become unconscious. It is essential to be familiar with the signs and symptoms of common causes of unconsciousness, such as seizures, hypoglycemia, and head injuries.
All of these conditions require immediate medical attention. By knowing how to deal with an unconscious child, you can potentially save a life.
CPR for children
In the UK, approximately 60,000 children under 15 are taken to hospital each year after suffering a cardiac arrest. CPR can double or triple a child’s chance of survival.
When performing CPR on a child, it is essential to use the correct technique. The ratio of compressions to breaths is different for children than for adults. Additionally, the strength of the compressions and the depth of the breaths must be adjusted for a child’s smaller size.
How to control bleeding
When bleeding happens due to an injury, it is vital to act quickly to stop the bleeding. Three main ways to control bleeding are direct pressure, elevation, and compression.
Direct pressure is the most effective way to stop bleeding. To apply direct pressure, use a clean cloth or gauze pad to apply firm pressure directly on the wound. If the cloth or gauze becomes soaked with blood, do not remove it. Instead, add more cloth or gauze on top of it.
If the bleeding is coming from an arm or leg, elevate the limb above the level of the heart. This will help reduce blood flow to the area and slow down the bleeding.
Compression is another way to stop bleeding. To use compression, place a clean cloth or gauze pad over the wound and then wrap an elastic bandage or Ace wrap around it. The bandage should be snug but not too tight.
How to deal with burns
Burns are a common type of injury in children. There are three types of burns: first-degree, second-degree, and third-degree.
First-degree burns are the least serious. They only affect the top layer of skin and usually heal within a week. Second-degree burns are more serious. They damage the second layer of skin and may take several weeks to heal. Third-degree burns are the most serious. They damage all layers of skin and can cause permanent nerve damage.
If a child has a first or second-degree burn, you should run cool water over the area for at least five minutes. Then, apply a sterile bandage or gauze pad to the area. Do not use ice, ointments, or butter.
If a child has a third-degree burn, do not apply anything to the area. Instead, call 9-1-1 immediately and wait for medical help to arrive.
How to deal with choking
Choking is a leading cause of death in children under five. In most cases, choking occurs when a child is eating or playing with small objects.
There are two types of choking – primary and secondary. Primary choking occurs when the airway is completely blocked. Secondary choking occurs when the airway is partially blocked.
If a child is primarily choking, you will need to perform CPR. If a child is choking, you must do the Heimlich manoeuvre.
The Heimlich manoeuvre involves standing behind the child and placing your fist below their ribs. Then, you must thrust your fist upwards and inwards until the object is dislodged.
How to deal with anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening. It can occur in response to certain foods, insect stings, or medications.
Symptoms of anaphylaxis include difficulty breathing, swelling of the face or throat, hives, and dizziness. If a child is experiencing any of these symptoms, you should call 9-1-1 immediately.
While waiting for medical help to arrive, you can give the child an EpiPen if they have one. An EpiPen is a device that delivers a dose of epinephrine, which can help to reduce the symptoms of anaphylaxis.
What to do in the event of a seizure
Seizures are a common type of medical emergency in children. They can be caused by various conditions, including epilepsy, fevers, and head injuries.
If a child is having a seizure, you should stay calm and not try to stop the seizure. Instead, you should focus on keeping the child safe. Move any nearby objects out of the way and place something soft under the child’s head. Do not try to restrain the child or put anything in their mouth.
Once the seizure has stopped, you should check the child’s airway and breathing. If they are not breathing, you will need to perform CPR.
Adding paediatric first aid training to your list of qualifications is a great way to improve your childcare skills in the UK. Not only will you be able to provide better care for the children in your setting, but you will also have the peace of mind that comes with knowing you are prepared for any emergency.
Read how to make sure safety of kids in school is a priority.